The EcoCast Map product is a novel fishery sustainability tool that helps fishers and managers better evaluate how to allocate fishing effort to optimize the catch of target species (e.g. swordfish) while minimizing the accidental bycatch of blue sharks and protected species (leatherback sea turtles, California sea lions).
Better for fishing is indicated by increasingly blue colors, showing where the likelihood of target catch is good and the likelihood of bycatch in lower.
Poorer for fishing is indicated by increasingly red colors, showing where the likelihood of target catch is lower and the likelihood of bycatch is higher.
Each day the EcoCast tool generates predictions of the spatial distributions of important migratory species, including those targeted for catch by fishers (swordfish) and those that may be unintentionally captured during commercial fishing activities (bycatch). Each distribution is then weighted, based on prevailing management strategies, to produce the Ecocast Map product.
Species weightings, which range from -1.0 to 1.0, are set to reflect management priorities and recent catch and bycatch events. A species is assigned a more negative weighting to avoid catch and a more positive weighting when catch is desired. For example, the default weightings (see map legend) are set to 0.9 for swordfish and -0.9 for leatherback turtles, creating a map that locates fishing areas where the chance of swordfish catch is optimal and the bycatch of leatherbacks, a protected and endangered species, is minimal. If there were elevated sea lion bycatch events, the weighting for that species (set to -0.05 by default) could be made more negative in order to locate fishing areas where the chance of their bycatch is less. You can use the Explorer Tool to adjust species weightings based on your management scenarios and generate custom versions of the map.
The EcoCast Map product uses the following satellite data:
The environmental data used to create the EcoCast Map product can be downloaded from the CoastWatch dataserver and the COPERNICUS Copernicus Marine Environmental Monitoring Service at following the links:
The EcoCast product data can downloaded from the ERD/CoastWatch West Coast ERDDAP server: